**33.1****
****Finding Function Roots Without Calculating
the Derivative** (.NET, C#, CSharp, VB, Visual Basic, F#)

**NMath**
provides several classes that implement the **IOneVariableRootFinder**
interface, and find roots of univariate functions using only function
evaluations:

● Class **SecantRootFinder** finds
roots of univariate functions using the *secant method*. The secant
method assumes that the function is approximately linear in the local
region of interest and uses the zero-crossing of the line connecting
the limits of the interval as an estimate of the root. The function is
evaluated at the estimate, a new line is formed, and the process is repeated.

● Class **RiddersRootFinder** finds
roots of univariate functions using *Ridders' Method*. Ridders'
Method first evaluates the function at the midpoint of the interval,
then factors out the unique exponential function which turns the residual
function into a straight line.

● Class **FZero** finds roots of
univariate functions using the zeroin()
root finder published originally in *Computer
Methods for Mathematical Computations *by Forsythe, Malcolm
and Moler in 1977. This class is similar to MATLAB's fzero() function.

Instances are constructed by specifying an error tolerance
and a maximum number of iterations, or by accepting the defaults for
these values. For example, this code constructs a **SecantRootFinder**
using the default tolerance and a maximum of 50
iterations:

Code Example – C# root finding

int maxIter = 50; var finder = new SecantRootFinder( maxIter );

Code Example – VB root finding

Dim MaxIter As Integer = 50 Dim Finder As New SecantRootFinder(MaxIter)

Instances provide Find() methods for minimizing a given function within a given interval. For instance, the cosine function has a root at :

Code Example – C# root finding

var f = new OneVariableFunction( new Func<double, double>( Math.Cos ) ); var finder = new RiddersRootFinder(); double lower = 0; double upper = Math.PI; double root = finder.Find( f, lower, upper );

Code Example – VB root finding

Dim F As New OneVariableFunction( New Func(Of Double, Double)(AddressOf Math.Cos)) Dim Finder As New RiddersRootFinder() Dim Lower As Double = 0 Dim Upper As Double = Math.PI Dim Root As Double = Finder.Find(F, Lower, Upper)